Compliance & Risk Mitigation
Compliance & Risk Mitigation is a business intelligence activity that focuses on the company’s internal supervision, in accordance with the laws, to reduce risks of legal actions.
Legal and administrative actions of tax enforcements, labor claims and environmental fines cause damages to the corporate image and can compromise the proper functioning of an organization.
Compliance is the risk consulting activity for the proper internal organization environment regulation.
It is the research on criminal records for human resources prevention (background checks), protective security audit for tax evasion, corruption (bribery) , money laundering, prevention of internal and external frauds (larceny) and labor, social security and fiscal frauds and eventual conflicts of interest.
These proceedings will help prevent and reduce liabilities arising from violations of the legal and accounting standards of the company.
Montax assists corporations in the definition of corporate governance policies, learning about the security actions with Intelligence reports on employees and other market participants – mainly suppliers – and training of employees with strategic, tactical and operational levels in corporate ethics programs, anonymous denunciation channels and prevention of violation of the law, especially:
Consolidation of labor laws, rules that if not closely observed can cause great impact on the financial resources of organizations in Brazil. Taking into consideration all labor rights and social charges, the cost of an employee in Brazil is of approximately 100% of the base salary received by him. Hiring dishonest employees or without proven technical ability or an eventual default of the exact labor amounts, and together with legal and accounting tricks can mask fixed costs and generate future liabilities of difficult accounting evaluation.
Federal Law 12.846/2013 or Brazilian´s anti-corruption act, “provides for the administrative and civil proceedings aiming at holding legal entities accountable for the practice of acts against the Brazilian or foreign public administration, and other measures”, imposes in a clear and objective way administrative penalties to organizations that commit acts of corruption, bribery and tax, accounting and financial frauds against the public administration of the Executive, Legislative and Judiciary Powers. This law innovated by providing the Leniency Agreement between the head authority of each organ of the Public Administration and the offender (s) to exempt the organization from the extraordinary publication of punishments and the prohibition to receive incentives, subsidies, grants, donations or loans of organs or public authorities and financial institutions or controlled by the the government, for a period of at least 1 (one) and a maximum of 5 (five) years imposed by the he General Controller of the Federal Union (CGU), without prejudice to the compensation for the damages and other civil administrative penalties from the Administrative Council for Economic Defense (CADE), Brazilian´s securities Commission (CVM) and Brazil’s Central Bank (BCB) or criminal actions against the directors of the Public Ministry for common crimes or other defined in the public Law of Bids. Hiring risk consulting firms such as Montax reduces the risk of legal actions against companies and increases the chances of success in these actions and in more satisfactory Leniency Agreements.
Law 8.666/1993 law or law of Bids , which “establishes standards for bids and contracts of the public administration, and other measures” and, in the part of “Administrative Sanctions” and “Of Crimes and Punishments” – which matters for compliance and risk mitigation purposes, subjects bidding companies to penalty of fines, termination of contract, lawful impediment to participate in new bids and to celebrate new contracts and imprisonment of up to 6 years. The Bidding Law has not lost validity or effectiveness before the recent Anti-corruption Law of Brazil.
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (FCPA) or Law against Corruption Practices in Foreign Countries, US federal law that punishes rigorously organizations and directors of companies that have shares listed on US stock exchanges, domestic or foreign, through the proven practiced crimes of corruption or tax and financial fraud abroad. This law has as scope the transparency to avoid accounting manipulations that can mask the real financial situation of the company and scare off investors – same scope as the Sarbanes-Oxley law (SOX or SOX) anti-fraud in registered books – and reduce unfair competition in the industry through corruption by acts of bribery and fraud in bidding. Example: Petrobras is semi-public brazilian company with shares on the Stock Exchanges both in Brazil and in the US and, if proven that their directors practiced fraud or corruption in Brazil, they can be punished with fines imposed by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) – CVM – and the Departments of Justice and the US Treasury. FCPA is commonly applied to US companies whose directors and other employees bribed government officials in foreign countries where they have branches, subsidiaries and companies of the same economic group to win bids and sell products and services. The FCPA can be applied in conjunction with the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act of 1970 (RICO) or the Law Against Activities connected to the Organized Crime, reaching directors of US as well as of those investigated in Brazil.
Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA), or Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, US federal law that requires people and US organizations with overseas subsidiaries to report to the IRS all revenue and income earned abroad, as well as the US client list of companies. This law focuses to prevent tax evasion, to difficult tax evasion and “money laundering” and concealment of assets, rights and values.
UK Bribery Act or law of Bribery of United Kingdom is known as the “the toughest anti-corruption legislation in the world” because it punishes with the extinction of any organization that has any connection to the United Kingdom by acts of bribery or corruption practiced anywhere on the planet. Although rigorous, this law is hard-efficient due to the lack of effective supervision in the United Kingdom and around the world.